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The story of John Adams, leader of the American Revolution

 The second president of the United States of America and one of the leaders of the American Revolution, he managed to prevent his fledgling state from entering a losing war with France.



Birth and education

John Adams was born in 1735 in Quincy, Massachusetts.


study and training

Adams studied law at Harvard University, and in his youth he was known for his patriotic orientation and he was more famous for his political philosophy than for his practice of politics.


Political experience

He held diplomatic posts in France and the Netherlands during the American Revolution which broke out on April 14, 1775 against the British presence. He helped bring about the peace agreement and called for the First and Second Continental Conferences for independence from Britain.


He then practiced law in the Court of St. James from 1785 to 1788, then was elected vice president to the first American president, George Washington. His experience in this position was not comfortable, because he did not find the appropriate conditions to do so. implement many of his ambitious ideas.


When he assumed the presidency in 1787, he anticipated the end of the Franco-British War which was raging near the American coast and costing the new state heavy losses. It also resists movements of partisan dissent among the American people.


France froze its commercial relations with the government of President John Adams, refused to receive American negotiators and demanded a large financial reward for this. This was seen by Adams as an insult to the US Congress, which denounced the French position. Adams exploited the incident and inflamed the feelings of the people with his unionist slogans, thereby gaining popular support he had not previously received.


He avoided declaring war on France and adopted a policy of threatening to increase military spending and create an additional temporary army, while Congress approved a law requiring the departure of foreigners and aliens.


France began the war against America by attacking its shores in 1798, but the firmness of American resistance prompted France in 1800 to declare its desire to stop the war and its readiness to receive the American envoy, and thus Adams was able to spare his country. to enter into a global war.


Adams was dissatisfied with the peace he had achieved with France, as he was attacked by supporters of Alexander Hamilton, his co-founder of the Federalist Party, who was against the idea of Confederation. This ended in a rift within the party. ranks of this party, which led to the emergence of the Republicans in a united and influential way. The results of the 1800 election were in favor of Republican Thomas Jefferson.


The death

John Adams died on July 4, 1826 on his farm in Quincy, Massachusetts.

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