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The story of Osman Ibn Ertugrul, Part One

 When the horses of Hulagu stormed Baghdad on the morning of 8 Safar in the year 656 AH, bringing brutal death to the city of peace and the capital of the Islamic Caliphate; It was a birth cry that began from another era, more precisely in the city of Scud, when the young child became - after that - the father of kings, the founder of the sultan of Turkish glory and the founder of the foundation. stone for one of the greatest and greatest empires in Muslim history.



The names of Sultan Othman bin Ertugrul bin Suleiman al-Qaywi al-Turkmani are numerous, according to the Turkish dialects that have evolved over centuries, but they all agree that Othman Khan, or Ghazi Othman, or Othman Bey or Qara Othman, is one of the greatest names that shone in the skies of ancient Turkey and still constitutes a beacon that illuminates the history of Islam in the Bosphorus.


Othman's fatwa... growing up in the final days of the Seljuk state


In the Kayi tribe, Othman was born to his father, the sheikh of the Muslim clan known for its deep Islamic traditions, Sufi spirit and fighting fervor. This education was well established and passed down through the Kayi generations, successor after generation. His father, Ertugrul, was a worker for the Roman Seljuks in some forts in the Sea of Marmara. As for his mother, Halima Hatun, she was just a Turkmen woman full of faith in her religion and total loyalty to it. her husband and her close community, in accordance with authentic Turkmen traditions.


Othman grew up quickly and took over leadership of the tribe. He then took up his father's position as a worker for the Seljuk Sultanate. In the name of the Seljuk Sultan, he began to open the vast forts on the coast of the Sea. Marmara and the Black Sea, which gave him strength and a great expansion of control over his tribe. It became a conquering tribe extending its influence over a wide range of present-day Turkish beaches.


Because the Seljuk Sultanate was at this time in its last throes of domination, the Mongols had no difficulty in devouring it, so that it joined the scorched earth in which the Tatar brigades infested the Islamic East. After that, Prince Othman announced the decision. his appointment as prince of his independent state which extended throughout history for more than six centuries. It expanded across geographic horizons to bring together the Balkans, the Arab and Islamic Levant and North Africa, making Greater Turkey a cornerstone and stable. of the caliphate known as the Ottoman Empire, named after its founder.


The city of Bursa was the last stronghold reached by the Ottoman conquest (during the reign of Osman). His son Orhan succeeded in destroying the solidity of this highly symbolic city, which is why it opened its doors to the Ottomans in 1326 AD. In the same year, the disease began to ravage the body of Osman I, who was not used to it. He led a life of luxury, a life of horse riding and continuous religious asceticism, before handing over his soul to his creator in 1947. the same year, then laying his body on the soil of Bursa, he became from that day a very important symbol in the history of the Ottomans, who continued their conquests and broke the gates of the fortified states.


Between birth and death, Othman lived a life full of heroism, mysticism and conflict, and his descendants and disciples after him did not want this life to be ordinary, so they infused it with flavors of strange stories , anecdotes and visions which make him an exceptional human being whose destiny wanted to be a fabric of unity.


Because the history of Othman I was written at least a century after his death, and by court historians of the Sultanate, basic information about his lineage and important stages of his life was sometimes contradictory, and we We will review some of them based on some sources. , including Wikipedia, Anadolu Agency and others.


“The Founder Othman”… The history of books and theater

The Turkish historical drama series "Founder Osman" is considered a continuation of the series "Resurrection of Ertugrul" and presents the history of the Kayi tribes and their migrations, which led to the establishment of the Ottoman Empire in the 13th century. century. the largest photographic documentary artistic work to date on the life and career of founder Osman.


Furthermore, the biography of this historical hero has been covered in books, including the book "Destan and the History of the Kings of the House of Othman" by Ahmed bin Khader Taj al-Din, known as Ahmadi, and the book "The Joy of Dates" by the famous Turkish historian Shukrullah bin Imam Shihab al-Din Ahmed, and among the books that The book "History of the House of Othman" by the famous historian Darwish Ahmed Ashiq Pasha also developed the history of Othman I and its translation. Many details of this man's life were also included in a book with the same title as his predecessor, by Imam Ahmed bin Suleiman bin Kamal Pasha al-Hanafi.


This book mentions that Uthman was the last of the group of sons of Ertugrul and his birth was an important event in the tribes of the Kayi tribe, as he was born on a full moon night and was raised as a knight. he was therefore skilled in archery, fencing and hunting with eagles, in addition to the spirit of Sufism that he created in She Has Died and accompanied him until his death , he therefore assigned his teaching knees to the knees of his Sheikh Adeeb Ali, or “Edde Bali” as in Turkish sources. Then the relationship between them was further strengthened when Sheikh Edde Bali married his student Othman with his daughter, and it was finally, after it throbbed in the soul, a strange inspired vision. the sheikh that his student would be a source of supernatural power and that his lineage and rule would extend to vast areas of the world.

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