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The story of Osman Ibn Ertugrul, Part Two, the struggle for the throne

 The struggle for the throne: deadly arrows, alienation and the appointment of a sultan

There are many conflicting historical sources that speak of the lineage of Osman I. Some of them believe that he is the grandson of Suleiman bin Qutlumuş, the conqueror of Anatolia and the first founder of the famous Seljuk state, while other sources say that Osman I am the grandson of another Suleiman, and he is only the namesake of the founder of the Seljuks. Regardless of the likelihood of either possibility, the map of Seljuk heritage was strongly present in establishing the Ottoman narrative, which presented its sultans as the rightful successors of the Seljuks.

Al-Ghazi Othman was aware of the changes around him and the strengths and weaknesses of the Kayi tribe emirate. His first steps were to engage in competitive conflicts with a number of princes and rulers of his relatives, until he drove them away. his path. Among those mentioned in this connection is his uncle, Prince Dundar Ghazi, who was supported by the sheikhs and notables of the tribe, while the young men, knights and warriors had joined the banner of Osman I. a long time ago, and began waging guerrilla warfare against the Byzantine state. This novel ends the conflict with a deadly arrow fired by Osman, which lodged itself in the body of his uncle Dundar, thus eliminating a bloody competition for Ertugrul's throne.

Another account states that Uthman I rebelled against the influence and authority of his younger uncle, Prince Kunduz Alp, and began to carry out his attacks against the Byzantines without seeking permission from his uncle, the chief of the tribe. This angered the Emir of Bursa. Takfur, he therefore sought the help of the Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keyqubad, who brought Othman to Konya, and it was the forced deportation of Ghazi Othman from the clans of his tribe was an opportunity to strengthen his relations with the Sultan, who was apparently impressed by the news of the courage and rescue of Othman and his repeated attacks against Byzantine fortresses and interests. It appears in the multiplication of this story that one of the scholars and sheikhs of Sufism played a fundamental role in the extension of the links between Sultan Alaeddin and him. the conqueror Othman, who returned crowned by decision of the sultan as prince of the Kayi tribe.

Love and vision... the story of the dream that founded the Ottoman tree

The Ottomans surround their state and their history with a great spiritual aura, and they always present, at all stages of its life, stories, events and visions imbued with symbolism, keen to pierce the veils of the invisible and to reveal the ongoing divine support to Othman's family.

A story goes that Othman, who worshiped in the shrine of his Sheikh Edh Bali, had his heart torn between the love of hymns and rituals and the love for his Sheikh's daughter, the maiden Mal Khatun, and because that the sheikh was not yet sure that his student possessed Sufi secrets, values ​​and consciousness, he refused to marry her to him, and despite the fact that the student At that time, Othman remained silent in the face of the refusal of his sheikh to marry his daughter to him, as he continued to insist that Khatun's money be his share.

Later, the invisible will intervene through the famous vision to open the heart of the Sheikh to his student. One of the stories frequently mentioned in books and literature of the Ottoman Empire is that the conqueror, Othman, saw the moon coming out of his sheikh's chest, then it settled in the sky and descended to until it settles in the chest. of the student (Othman), and from its core emerged a huge tree which spread until it covered the earth with its shadow, and rising under its shadow were three mountains, and then the four rivers flowed under them : the Nile, the Tiger. , the Euphrates and the Danube. Then the leaves of this great tree stood like swords and spears swung by the wind towards Constantinople. Under the branches of the huge tree, blond Christian boys stood up to read the testimony and declare their loyalty to the Lord. Sultan. The rows of people were... Behind these boys are spread out over every valley and carpet, on the banks of the rivers and between the streams and bays. They fill the earth with agriculture, industry, work and toil. and they multiply in the shadow of good things, without the blond boys stopping cheering and chanting their loyalty to the sultan.

An article from the Anatolia Agency indicates that some attribute this dream to Ertugrul, but the correct opinion, which - according to his statement - is indicated by historical references, is that it dates back to Osman.

In fact, Sheikh Edde Bali, who was the spiritual leader of the state, was optimistic about this vision and expressed to Uthman that his descendants would own the land. Then his reluctance to marry his daughter to the invader Uthman was broken under the radiation. of the vision after handing him a mat of advice and offering him what a good ruler should have and a just prince.

Siege of Bursa...characteristics of the leader who dispersed the Byzantine armies

Historians have focused on many features and characteristics that distinguished Al-Ghazi Uthman, and among the most important characteristics mentioned by historians and authors about him are:

- Courage and Aid: He fought fierce wars early in his reign, indicating the depth of his courage and the consolidation of his aid and pride, when he dispersed the allied Byzantine armies in order to destroy his fledgling state, passing from a desired state. become a leader that Europeans will give as an example of firmness and courage.

- Graduation and wisdom: Othman I, through his wisdom and cunning, was able to absorb a certain number of princes and knights from his tribe, and neutralize his adversaries and enemies. He also managed to maintain a flexible and privileged relationship with the Seljuk Sultan. together achieve qualitative victories over the Byzantines which allowed them to seize important fortresses of the Byzantine state.

Loyalty to principle: Loyalty to Islamic principle, devotion to faith and depth of belonging to the spirit of the Kayi tribe and its profound human values was an element that paved the way for the authority of 'Uthman in the souls, hearts, and consciousness of public opinion in his surroundings and region, and opened the doors of hearts to him in front of the fortresses. Groups of mujahideen joined Uthman in the border areas with the Romans and among the Sufi forces active at that time. saw in him pride, perseverance and loyalty to Islam.

- Patience and patience: Osman I sacrificed ten years of his life in the siege of the city of Bursa, of great political and strategic importance, and his soldiers continued to besiege it and station themselves on its walls until until news of his conquest, the collapse of his steadfastness, and the collapse of his garrison reached him while he was on his deathbed. Then his son Orhan entered as a conqueror and carried his father's body to be buried in the city which was besieged for ten years.

With the death of Othman bin Ertugrul in 1326 AD, Sultan Al-Ghazi concluded his life's journey, which lasted about seven decades, after gout destroyed his limbs, accustomed to carrying weapons, to to beat, to ride horses and to be patient with the difficulties of asceticism and worship. He left after laying the foundation stone of the strongest and largest Islamic State which spread like a luxuriant tree over the valleys, a vast expanse of land, timeless stretches of time, and values and traditions of. rule which, in many details, still constitutes a model of a great rule.


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